Across the Bay

Saturday, May 15, 2004

On Sub-National Cultures

A friend of mine responded to my posts on the National, Super-National, and Sub-National referents with this quote from John Entelis' Pluralism and Party Transformation in Lebanon: Al-Kata'ib, Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia , No 10 (Leiden: Brill, 1997).

"An alternative is a pluralist pattern of vertical integration wherein
national rather than trans-national loyalties would be established without
eliminating sub-national cultures. The primary effort would thus be directed
at creating a sense of territorial nationality overshadowing but not
necessarily destroying subordinate parochial loyalties, and a definition of
national community which will not only identify the Lebanese to himself but
also provide canons of behavior for responding to his environment ...This
implies that political unity and cultural diversity can simultaneously be
established as the foundation of a modern state.

My friend also drew my attention to this link for a paper (PDF format) on Federalism. I haven't had the chance to read it yet.

Those interested in this important topic might want to check out both titles.